Inspection of the production and operation unit:
The production and operation unit is another main unit that is in the organizational chart of most companies and organizations. The nature of every business is to provide high-quality services and products to meet the needs of its customers. This group has prioritized the needs of customers so that they can solve their problems. Production and operation management using the concepts of organization and business management leads to the creation of new products. The production and operation unit is responsible for planning, directing, organizing and monitoring all stages of the production cycle.
If we want to have a definition for production and operation, we must say that production is a practical process that includes the conversion of raw materials (input) into the desired service and product. Technically, production is divided into several categories, which are as follows:
1) Production through separation: Production through separation includes the desired output that is obtained by separation or extraction from raw materials.
2) Production with modification or improvement: in this technique, from production without changing the physical characteristics of the raw material, changes are made in the chemical and mechanical parameters of the material. An example of production with modification or improvement can be mentioned in the annealing process.
The operation unit also performs a set of processes in the organization, during which processes, raw inputs are converted into required and high-quality outputs. Likewise, this unit has the necessary management on the correct combination of various resources according to the goals of the organization. The operation unit produces valuable products and services by emphasizing organizational policies and provides them to customers.
Management and production
The difference between a production unit and an operation:
In production management, management processes govern the production of certain physical products. This process leads to the presentation and supply of products that have physical components. While management activities oversee the production and development of products. Management activity makes the required outputs to be prepared and produced with the necessary quality. The importance of production and operations management lies in the fact that both of these processes strive to produce specific products and services in accordance with the target market’s demands. Production and operation management in organizations and institutions is important because of the following:
1) Dealing with the set of planning and design measures
2) Organization and regulation
3) comprehensive control and supervision
4) Management to promote the company in productivity and efficiency
Organizations without effective management will definitely face a big failure. Large companies and organizations need a manager to maintain the organizational structure and order for each department. The production and operation manager oversees all the strategies formed to supply the product to the market. This unit is responsible for creating order inside and outside the organization. The production and operations manager must always identify the sales strategies of his competitors along with the changes in the market. By identifying all changes in this direction, managers can find and use methods to deal with these threats. One of the organizational functions and sub-branches of management science is production management, which deals with the following:
1) New product development
2) Forecasting market conditions
4) Discover opportunities and ideas for product production
5) Implementing the production process
6) Unveiling and marketing at all stages of the product life cycle
Production and operations
Most people attribute operations management only to manufacturing industries in its early stages. Manufacturing industries required the production of physical products that could be touched. Most managers took help from operational processes to improve their production to sales process as well as support services. This caused them to understand the needs of customers and to support sales and after-sales services in the management of operations and production. The importance of production and operations management lies in the following:
2) control and supervision
3) guidance and leadership
4) Human resource management
7) Effective use of resources
8) Reducing student production costs
9) Increasing the necessary quality of products
The most important production and operation management tools:
One of the most important tools for operational managers to guide production processes is the use of value chain analysis and analysis. By using these tools, operational managers can gain the necessary assurance of the degree of their connection with each other and the natural process of implementing the processes of organizations and companies. Otherwise, by making the smallest change in each of the processes, changes will be made in the processes. Changes in the processes also cause a significant decrease in the final profitability. Mentioning this issue is not excluded from the rule that in the production chain of a product, there is a set of main activities that each of those chains have more detailed processes.
These processes, which consist of support processes, key infrastructure and core activities, are led by different people. The importance of production and operation management is in guiding all the processes formed inside these chains. Production and operation management makes a high-quality product available to the customer. The main task of this department is to monitor and control each and every process.
Production and operations
What is the reason why production management is needed:
As mentioned earlier, large companies need to divide functions into smaller parts. BecauseBy doing this, they can plan and control each department more easily. Each function of the organization in large companies needs a special manager. This makes management to be calculated and accurate. Production and operation management is one of the main components of the organizational chart that plans the stages of construction and sometimes its supply. In summary, the goals of production and operations management can be related to timely, low-cost, correct and principled production within the framework of the organization’s goals.
By examining the organization’s needs, production management can produce the best product and not exceed the cost and time frame. Production management can control and improve different parts of product development and production by considering customer feedback. Since in today’s world there is heavy competition between business and high-speed changes in technology, production and operations management must be able to discover the available opportunities to produce new products and improve services and current products. He can provide opportunities to his team members at a much higher level and gain their trust.